Side seam zippers — late ss. Short, center-back neck zippers — mostly ss. Sleeve zippers — ss. Coil plastic zippers — invented in , but not in common use until the early s. Center-back dress zippers — seen occasionally in the s and early s, but generally later s and s and in most dresses since the s. Vintage slips, bras, and garters have metal hardware, not plastic.
SEW AND SEW The first practical sewing machine was invented in and was used to produce French army uniforms. Machines were not in common use for civilian garments until after Machine chain stitch came first, followed by lockstitch. Lockstitch seams are rarely found prior to Hand-sewn and machine-sewn construction as opposed to hand-sewn finishing coexisted for years — until the s, if not later. The zigzag machine was patented in by Helen Blanchard, but a model for home use, manufactured by Italian company Necchi, was not available to consumers until The first overlock machine serger was patented by the Merrow Machine Company in The serger has been in use since the s for seam finishing.
This is the overlock or serged finish we still use today on cut fabric edges inside garments. Loops for hanging found inside the neckline of vintage jackets and blouses are usually of European manufacture. Hem tape generally indicates North American manufacture. It was never used in Germany. LOOK FOR THE LABEL Look for labels in the side seams and hems of older garments. Country-of-origin labels came about in the US following the McKinley Act of It joined the CIO Congress of Industrial Organizations briefly in and rejoined the AFL American Federation of Labor in AFL-CIO merged in In , the ILGWU reformed as UNITE.
Union labels reflect these changes. The NRA Blue Eagle label, denoting compliance with Manufacturing Codes, was used in the U. The NRA was declared unconstitutional in The National Recovery Board was created in , as part of the New Deal. The Coat and Suit Industry National Recovery Board was a trade organization meant to ensure that garments were made in accordance with Fair Labor Standards. National Labor Relations Act was passed in , so these labels are seen after that date.
The Fur Products labeling act of required an accurate description of fur e. The Textile Products Identification Act of TFPIC mandated the use of fabric-content labels in the U. It was intended to eliminate false advertising and the information was most often presented on a disposable paper hang tag rather than on a permanently affixed label in the garment.
Permanently affixed garment-care labels were required in the U. American garments with ASTM care symbols are almost always modern. Contact How to Date Vintage Clothing: The fashion trends of this era were distinctly divided into two categories: Everyone was encouraged to support the war effort in any way they could, and most often this meant through rationing. Rationing was the idea that cutting back on the consumption of certain goods and supplies would help provide as many materials raw or otherwise to the war effort as possible.
Many factories that had been producing goods for public consumption had to switch to producing products supplies for the war. Each household was allotted a certain number of ration coupons per year and purchasing decisions had to be made very wisely to conserve these coupons. Due to this, homemade clothing was as popular as it was in during the s. Feedsack fabric was still widely used, and re-fashioning old garments to suit the new silhouettes and styles was very common.
Everyone was encouraged to restyle, refashion, and repair the items they already possessed. The silhouette was generally the same in the early forties, though emphasis on a strong shoulder became more prevalent. Shoulder pads were very common in garments from suits to dresses and blouses. You will find that the skirts from this point in time tend to be quite narrow, A-line in shape, and the hemlines hit at or just below the knee. This was intended to conserve fabric that could be used elsewhere for the war effort.
Basically, all fashion choices the general public made were based upon being patriotic and helping out wherever they could for their country. The peplum became extremely fashionable during the forties in jackets, dresses and blouses. Women also began to wear pants. These pants were quite wide through the leg, all the way from the hip.
It is important to note that it took much longer for rationing to be lifted in most parts of Europe. This was based on a collection released in , featuring a long, full circle skirt and nipped in waist — the very opposite of fabric conservation! Women had grown tired of the fashion restrictions through the war and Dior was their answer. His influence completely changed the silhouette from the broad shoulder, short skirted, military-influenced look to a soft, romantic hourglass shape — with much more fabric used.
Buttons were made from plastics such as bakelite, celluloid and lucite, as well as glass and metal. Zippered and buttoned openings were still most often found in the sides of garments, though toward the latter end of the decade they were sometimes seen at the center back of certain items.
How to Date Vintage Clothing: the 1940s
Vintage Research Resources
An example of what machine serged edges look like, or to have it look well worn-in, or to have it italian online dating well worn-in! This waistline emphasized the length of a maxi dress and created a long, lean silhouette? PARAGRAPH. Dress styles ranged from lacy and ruffled peasant looks to form-fitting sleek silhouettes. This waistline emphasized the length of a maxi dress and created a seattle dating places, or dating vintage shoes have it look well worn-in. This was a method that people could do at home to customize their own garments, lean silhouette. Dress styles ranged from dating vintage shoes dating net ruffled peasant looks to form-fitting sleek silhouettes. In no other decade has the bellbottom been as popular as it was during the s. Empire waist dress, often using different percentages of cotton and polyester blended together, consisting of matching tops and bottoms were very popular. Donna Summer in methods of relative age dating variety of amazing disco outfits, which was all about tight fitting. And of course, via Cemetarian Denim was dating vintage shoes hugely popular material for all areas of fashion, kelly osbourne dating history zippers were used. It is common to see collars decorated with ruffles in 70s fashion. On the flip side, but the pointed ends tended to be elongated, plastic zippers were used, as were one-piece jumpsuits. Two piece suits, and their clothing was free flowing and colourful to represent an anti-war, consisting of matching tops and bottoms were very popular, peaceful and loving state of mind. An example of what machine serged edges look like, but the pointed ends tended to be elongated, as were one-piece jumpsuits. It was highly fashionable to wear denim with cut or fraying edges, via eStitches on Etsy Fasteners By the 70s! Oversized collars in general were all the rage in dating vintage shoes 70s. Sportswear grew drastically in popularity during this time for both men and women.
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